What is an electrical surge?
An electrical surge is an intense, short-duration voltage increase that travels through electrical wiring or other cables that transmit data or energy – for example, phone lines and coaxial cables for TV reception. Common causes of electrical surges include:
- Lightning strikes
- Power outages
- Downed power lines
- Tripped circuit breakers
- Accidents and malfunctions at the power company
- On/off cycles of large appliances and tools
What is a surge protector?
A surge protector is designed to protect any device with a standard AC plug from damaging power surges and disruptive line noise transferred through the electrical wall outlet. Some surge protectors include protection for phone lines, network connections, and coaxial connections for cable, antenna or satellite TV reception.
NOTE: Be careful not to confuse a surge protector with a power strip. They look very similar, but a power strip provides only an extension cord and additional outlets, with no protection against surges.
How does a surge protector work?
When the voltage rises above the accepted level, the surge protector suppresses the excess voltage to prevent it from causing harm. Specifically, internal components called metal oxide varistors absorb the excess voltage and divert it to the ground wire, preventing it from reaching the connected equipment. To function effectively, a surge protector must be connected to a properly wired and grounded AC outlet. Some surge protectors include LEDs that alert users to possible wiring problems.
What should you consider when buying a surge protector?
- How many outlets you need
- What level of protection you want
- What type of equipment you will be plugging into your surge protector
- Eco-friendly solutions
- Cord length and plug design
- Indicator lights.
The holiday season is here, which means you are probably getting ready to decorate your home inside and out! Colorful lighting is a fun way to show your holiday spirit, but it must be placed with caution. If using old lighting, check the strands for cracked cords, frayed ends or loose connections. If using new lights, make sure to inspect them before use.
Here are some tips to follow to have a safe holiday season:
#1 Inspect Light Strings
Discard any that are damaged because they may be a fire hazard.
#2 Replace Burned-Out Bulbs
Empty sockets may cause the entire string to overheat so replace them as soon as possible.
#3 Make Sure Outdoor Lighting is Weather Resistant
It is extremely important to make sure you are buying the correct lighting for the conditions you are using it in. The same goes for extension cords.
#4 Don’t Attach Light Strings with Nails or Staples
They can cut through the wire insulation and create a fire hazard. Instead use outdoor approved hangers.
#5 Take Exterior Lights Down Within 90 Days
Sometimes we get lazy and leave lights up for months after the holiday season. The longer they stay up, the more likely they are to suffer damage, so remove them as soon as possible.
#6 Store Lights Safely
Tangled lights can lead to damaged cords and empty sockets. After the holidays, wrap each string loosely around a piece of cardboard, fold fabric over it to protect the bulbs, and store it in a container until next year.
If you have any lighting concerns this holiday season, make sure to call Eaton Electric.
In recent years, the need for rechargeable batteries, also known as secondary cells, has grown due to the increase in portable technology. This includes laptops, cell phones, cameras and more. They have been around since 1859 when French physicist Gaston Plante invented the lead acid cell, which is the oldest type of rechargeable battery.
How They Work
Rechargeable batteries work by fully restoring its energy capacity when an electric current is applied to them. Just like we go to sleep every night to restore our energy for the next day. They are considered to be electrochemical cells, which produce a finite amount of energy, which once depleted can be recharged by reversing the chemical reaction with the aid of a charging current supplied by the battery charger.
Types of Rechargeable Batteries
- Lead-acid batteries
One of the most common secondary batteries, used primarily for storing large cell potential. These are commonly found in automobile engines. Its advantages include low cost, high voltage and large storage of cell potential; and disadvantages include heavy mass, reduced output at low-temperatures, and inability to maintain its potential for long periods of time through disuse.
- The nickel-cadmium
The nickel-cadmium battery is another common secondary battery that is suited for low-temperature conditions with a long shelf life. However, the nickel-cadmium batteries are more expensive and their capacity in terms of watt-hours per kilogram is less than that of the nickel-zinc rechargeable batteries.
- Silver-zinc batteries
A less commonly used rechargeable battery, is capable of providing high currents, high voltage, and is equivalent in watt-hour capacity to six lead-acid batteries. These are commonly seen as the little silver buttons in hearing aids, tiny flash lights and so on. Because of its high energy density, silver-zinc batteries are used in missiles and torpedoes, electronics, satellites, and compact portable devices.
As many of you know, one of my passions is playing in the Gainesville Community Band. I’ve been playing trumpet in the band for six years. We play multiple times during the year, but one of my favorites has to be the James B. King Veteran’s Day Concert because of the group for whom we are playing.
James King and his wife, Joy, were members of the Gainesville Community Band for 26 years. He passed away in 2006. As native of Charleston, S.C., he enlisted in the Army where he performed on troop ships crossing the Atlantic during WWII. In 1946, he joined the Marine Band, where he served as principal clarinet and assistant conductor until his retirement in 1968.
It is a privilege and an honor to perform in this concert as our small way of honoring our veterans. This year, the event will be held on Nov. 5 at 4 p.m. at the First Presbyterian Church located at 300 SW Second Ave.
With Veteran’s Day being celebrated the following Saturday, Nov. 11, consider joining us as we honor James King and all veterans in this annual event.
For more information about Gainesville Community Band, please visit their website: